4credit(s) Courses emphasize communicative skills and language competence in a cultural context. The first semester provides a comprehensive review of grammar and oral and written practice based on readings of short, authentic, nonfictional, and cultural/literary texts. The second semester concentrates on readings in literary and nonliterary texts, with audio, video, and Internet materials. Increasingly difficult grammar review sessions focus on aspects of syntax, which need continued practice. Classes are conducted in German.